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The Undergraduate Biology Program serves both majors and non-majors students. The Program prepares majors to graduate with the knowledge, skills, and values that will enable them to succeed in biological jobs, to enter graduate, medical, or other professional schools, and to contribute to their communities. Course goals reinforce and expand General Education goals, especially for Essential Skills (communication and quantitative skills) and Regional Studies. Biology majors have opportunities for undergraduate research experiences through laboratory classes, work as lab technicians, independent study projects, and guided original research. For non-majors, the Program provides courses for Nursing, Agriculture, and HPERD, assists the Education Program in training science teachers, and enables students to meet The Sciences goals of General Education. In support of its mission, the Biology unit encourages faculty capacity building in teaching-learning, assessment, research, and service. Mentoring assists students and faculty to achieve their potential.

BS Biology goals include the following:

  1. Disciplinary knowledge and skills: Graduates use their knowledge and understanding of essential concepts to solve problems in ecology, genetics, molecular biology, systematics, and evolution. They can apply their biology knowledge and skills to locally important issues such as island biogeography, conservation, and endangered species problems. They apply relevant concepts from chemistry and physics to biology problems. 
  2. Quantitative skills: Graduates apply numerical methods in research design, and use computers for analysis manipulating and modeling biological data.
  3. Research/laboratory skills: Graduates are competent in basic biology procedures and safety in the laboratory and the field; they formulate testable hypotheses and create effective experimental designs using their knowledge, understanding, and practical experience of scientific instruments.
  4. Communication skills: Graduates use scientific literature and diagrams as a source of information, properly cite sources and avoid plagiarism, and create text and graphics to communicate results effectively through print and oral presentations. They collect and assess evidence and use it to create effective arguments in writing scientific reports and proposals. 
  5. Digital Literacy:  Graduates use and process information in multiple formats via computer. Graduates are competent in the following computer skills as related to their science work: desktop competencies, word processing, presentation, and data retrieval and manipulation. Graduates effectively judge the usefulness and accuracy of external sources of information.
  6. Professionalism: Graduates work effectively together in teams in a laboratory and field settings and follow ethical principles underlying scientific research and publication. Graduates understand and apply the values and limitations of scientific research in addressing public policy issues.




(Total:  86 Credit Hours)

The program begins with students taking in their first year BI100-100L (Environmental Biology lecture & lab) in Fall followed by BI157-157L (Principles of Biology I lecture & lab in Spring. In Fall of the second year students take BI158-158L (Principles of Biology II lecture & lab) along with BI315-315L (Genetics lecture & lab).  Students considering majoring in Biology should meet with biology faculty for advising as early as possible in their college years. Biology majors must have a "C" or better in all courses required for the major.

Required Courses (40 credit hours): BI100-100L; BI157-157L; BI158-158L; BI310; BI315-315L; any one organismal course lecture and lab pair (BI 225-225L or BI 302-302L or BI 303-303L or BI 333-333L or BI 365-365L); BI 320, BI321, BI410, BI 412-412L, and BI 416-416L.

Electives:  Minimum of Twelve (12) credit hours in upper division Biosciences.

Related Area Required Courses (30-36 credit hours): CH102-102L, CH103-103L, CH310a-b, CH311, CH312, MA203, PH210, PH211, PH251 and PH252 or their equivalents.



(Total: 30 Credit Hours)

Required Courses:  BI157-157L, BI158-158L, BI302-302L, BI303-303L, CH102-102L, CH103-CH103L and either MA161a-b or MA151 and 161a, or their equivalents.




  1. Biological Scientists
  2. Clinical Laboratory Technologists
  3. Forensic Scientists
  4. General Practitioners
  5. Medical Scientists
  6. Science Technicians
  7. Veterinarians