Brief Project Summary:
The goal of this project is to develop instruments and methods for measuring dietary and anthropometric risk factors for chronic disease in Guam, with particular focus on cancer risk. There have been few attempts to systematically measure these types of risk factors, although small dietary surveys were conducted in 1969 and 1983. The project will combine the methods now in use for studies conducted by the Cancer Research Center of Hawaii with the databases from these previous studies to develop appropriate questionnaires, anthropometric and RMR measures, and dietary recall methodology.
Specific objectives include:
1. Develop the tools to accurately measure food and nutrient intakes, including a protocol for conducting 24-hour dietary recalls, a food composition database, a food grouping database, and a recipe file; conduct a small pilot study using these methods.
2. Conduct a survey of a representative sample of 120 adult Filipinos and Chamorros living on Guam, and evaluate dietary quality, physical activity levels, and body size; compare these findings to those from prior dietary surveys to estimate changes in dietary quality.
3. Develop a food frequency questionnaire (FPQ) using date from the dietary recalls, the FPQ will be essential for measuring usual food and nutrient intake in future studies of diet and health.
The results of this study are necessary in order to design a more comprehensive investigation of associations between environmental risk factors (such as poor dietary quality, sedentary lifestyle, and obesity) and cancer outcomes.
|Rachael T. Leon Guerrero, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Nutrition,
University of Guam
B.A., University of Guam
M.S, University of Hawaii
R.D. and Ph.D., Colorado State
|Suzanne P. Murphy, Ph.D., R.D.|
Researcher (Professor), Cancer Research
Center of Hawaii;
MS (Molecular Biology), San Francisco
Ph.D. (Nutrition), University of California,